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tv   Weekend News  Al Jazeera  July 25, 2015 12:00pm-12:31pm EDT

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>> for the country there is no real change, and the situation
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is extremely dire. we're talking about more than 20 million people in need of humanitarian continues food, shelter and all the rest. so we desperately need a resolution to this conflict. and for the blockade to start. yemen was a country that was poor and had problems already when you talk about the groups that they're having to deal with, do you think they'll participate in in a cease-fire even though it has not been decided by then? >> sure, i think for now we need a better process in terms of all the different stake holders at the table. we're seeing different efforts and of course, in terms of bringing everyone together, but i think we're missing one where everyone is there and agreeing
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to something. i think everyone on the ground is exhausted. it is an extremely dire situation, and for now yes i think for now all sides need to show more effort. they need to definitely put all of their efforts in a military solution in order to stop this as soon as possible. >> and earlier you mentioned the scale of t the numbers of people affected give us the idea of the state of the hospitals or healthcare, is that functioning at all? >> we have several colleagues from doctors without borders who are supporting health facilities all across the country as well as the u.n. colleagues. but it is extremely difficult to work under the current circumstances. the blockade makes aid delivery into the country extremely difficult. once you're in the country there is very little fuel available for transportation, and then the
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most acutely hit areas like taiz taiz aden, they're off limits due to the heavy ground conflict and airstrikes that happen. we're looking at an extremely difficult situation. there has been a lot of casualty in terms of collateral damage. we have seen many civilian infrastructure damage, water electricity, utilities have been damaged in most of the major cities, and as you mentioned hotelmention hospitals and healthcare centers have been hit or are suffering from the amount of people they need to treat and can only focus on a few services. so there are a huge affect here. >> and also, i mean, in yemen the terrain is quite difficult. even if you do have stuff that you can distribute it's quite difficult to get in to places. tell us little bit about how you managed that. >> yes absolutely. yemen for one is a vast country
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rocky, mountainous terrain deserts. there are a lot of remote locations. we talk about the cities and we should not forget about the different villages all across the country. these villages are difficult to reach even in the best of times. right now some of these areas are not accessible easily, and then on top of that, like i mentioned, a few shortage in country that makes it very difficult to reach--to reach these areas and we have to prioritize. we have to go for some areas over hours others. right now it's impossible to reach all the 20 million people. this is only possible if there is a lasting cease-fire, and if the blockade has stopped and we cannot emphasize this enough. >> thank you very much indeed, for joining us from yemen. thank you.
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>> turkey has launched more air raids genes the islamic state in iraq and the levant in syria and kurdish fight necessary iraq. the latest of the campaign began on fridaying after a suicide-bombing at a rally in turkey earlier in the week. they will target northern iraq the kurdish workers party or the pkk. and raising fears of renewed violence in turkey. >> turkey is at war on two fronts. it's jets are now hitting targets across the border in iraq and syria. a day after beginning an air campaign against isil and syria turkish jets for the first time in years began hitting pkk or kurdistan workers. the pkk immediately declared the already strained 2013 cease-fire
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with turkey dead. turkish officials are not phased and talk about a long-term fight. >> whenever we see a decrease or a vanishing of the threat, then we'll make a reassessment. the third wave of operations are a part of this. >> this is a major shift in policy. >> for turkey isil declared rather when it bombed a cultural center on monday. but many here believe that turkey's decision to actively engage in the fight against the armed group has a lot to do with the battlefield in northern syria. the government here is concerned about isil threatening syrian opposition groups in their stronghold. it is also worried about what it sees in the growing strength of syrian kurds. >> now syrian kurds control half
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of the border with turkey. turkey said it would an red line if kurds create a state in northernin the region. >> turkey does not want the ypg to take mortar tore. now the u.s. and turkey are working together to clear aleppo from isil. >> turkey's fear is that syrian kurds or isil could drive out syrian opposition groups from aleppo and control the important border crossing. it is no coincidence that turkish jets targeted isil close with the turkey-backed syrian rebels. it is hoping that the long-time demand for the safe sown inside syria will emerge. >> i think the aim is to get rid
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of the imthreat in syria and iraq. after that the safe zones will be formed naturally. >> but this may come at a price. the peace process seems to have officially ended and turkish police have recently conducted raids against hundreds of suspected pkk and isil sympathizers. it seems that the government believes there could be attempts to destabilize turkey from within. >> what are you action are you hearing from where you are on the border? >> there is a lot of worry right here. about two kilometers behind me that is syria beyond that hill. a lot of the kurdish population here, they were already concerned because they had been saying for quite some time that they thought they were going to be targeted by isil. they said that isil fighters were able to come and go from
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inside syria turkey and back. they thought that the turkish government was not doing enough to combat isil. now they're concerned because turkey is not just battling isil they're combating pkk. turkish officials have come out and effectively lumped those two groups together. saying those two groups according to the turkish prime minister are a terrorist threat to the domestic security of this country. so the kurds here. there was already a lot of attention between them and the government and especially built since last monday when that horrific attack and suicide-bomb suicide-bombing killed 43 people in suruc and now a lot of concern about what the turkish government is doing and how it's going to effect the population here how much more dangerous it's going to be for them in the months ahead. >> and the peace rally was expected to be fairly big but it has been called off. why is that?
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>> this was a rally. it was going to be a peace rally and answered anti-isil rally. one of the primary organizers behind the rally was the pro kurdish political party here in turkey. there was a lot of concern about how this rally might turn out how many people might show up if they might be met with resistence from turkish forces. earlier today the istanbul governor officially banned that 5th from happening. it wasn't too long after that that the they officially called it off. really, the underlying concern was that there could be clashes especially because it was expected there would be a very heavily pro-kurdish attendance at this rally, at this march which in the past has led to confrontations with the police, that that could happen again at a time when there are so much tension, especially between the kurdish population and the government. basically everyone involved didn't want that to happen.
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they're going to have a small gathering in which they announce their plans going forward. >> we have the live update there. >> there are reports from turkey that police in an in ankara have fired water canons against protesters. the iraqi government said government soldiers are killed fighting isil to take control of two key cities. and how tens of thousands of nepalese people are still living in desperate conditions following april's earthquake.
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>> the top stories here on al jazeera. saudi-led coalition forces announced a five-day humanitarian pause in their military campaign in yemen. the suspension of airstrikes which would take effect admit need sunday are designed to begin aid distribution. pkk said that the government has ended the two-year-old cease-fire. u.s. president and kenyan counterpart have wrapped up a day signing economic and security agreements for a show of unity. meeting side by side president obama commended president kenyatta's attempts to root out
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corruption. this is the first time that a sitting president has visited kenya. they said that they would fight terrorism and up hold democracy. >> kenya is an open, democratic society under pinned by embrace of democracy. we're deepening that democracy fighting global terrorists who seek to destroy our way of life. left undefeated there would redraw the international system and make room for violent extremeism and terror i terrorism. >> the desire among the kenyan people for a deeper partnership with america. that's why i'm here. my work with president kenyatta has been rooted in our shared
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recognition. that the interests of both our nations and the lives of both our peoples can be advanced if our countries deepen and expand our cooperation. that's what we've agreed to today. >> andrew simmons is in nairobi. what else has been discussed? >> well, quite a few issues. trade was on the agenda. president obama addressing.ship global summit in a very relaxed form. he talked of empowering young people with entrepreneurial programs. and have would go to women and young people getting what they need in terms of help. other issues, education energy
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supplies, and u.s. project to get power to the people literally, electricity. solar power. and he defended that program. he talked of how security was a major issue but then corruption and how trade was being impeded by corruption. i think they had tough words for kenyatta. he certainly was not going to be slack on the issue. and he did criticized the that they should people should not be painted with a dark brush and prevent the radicalization of young people by their policies. >> was this seen as a successful visit by both presidents?
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>> i would say definitely it has. there was no doubt that the real reason that this visit has come so late in his term in office. it's because of international criminal courts indictments. kenyatta has had charges against him dropped but his deputy is still facing charges and that is ongoing at the icc. but there is a common bond, a shared issue in the fight against al-shabab. there is a shared issue in trade. they have always been good trading partners and voiceous africa and the u.s. does want to do more business with africa. this was a successful visit for obama so far it has another 24
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hours to run. certainly as the kenyan government is concerned they got the best out of this. the kenyan people, well, they love obama they call him their local son. >> andrew simmons live in nairobi. iraqi army said that 77 soldiers and shia militiamen have been killed in anbar province. they're fighting isil for the control of cities are a ma'am city ramadi and fallujah. caroline malone has the latest. [ gunfire ] >> the iraqi army is on the attack in anbar province. it's fighting along side shia militias known as the popular mobilization force to push isil out. soldiers are on the outkurds of the city of fallujah and have suffered significant casualties in the last few days. they're using suicide attacks to push them back. many soldiers were killed in two car bombs. on friday the iraqi defense ministry said that the army killed a number of isil
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fighters and evacuated houses several detonating 70 bombs. two years since isil emerged in the region, the armed group controls much of the province and mosul. 3,000 iraqi soldiers trained by u.s. coalitions in iraq rejoined the coalition to retake ramadi for the first time. coalition airstrikes in fallujah deliberately hit cars to detonate i am profiesed explosives that they had inside, and that's how they'll continue to target the forces to help iraqi security forces' operations and protect civilians. >> three months after nepal's earthquake disaster tens of thousands of people are living in desperate conditions in danger of landslides. the process has not yet started. >> just you outside of nepal's
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capital more than 200 people have camped out in a school ground. a village all of them have lost their homes. landslides have destroyed most areas around their village and the river has been eroding whatever remains of their land. this woman thought she had escaped the worse of it until she got here. >> my sister gave birth here in the tent. we didn't have the money or transport to take her to the hospital. but five days on she went man. she refuseed to wear clothes. she would scream and hit me. she didn't remember how many children she had. every time she would take the baby we were scared that she would kill the baby. >> a local volunteer took her to the hospital, and she's now under psychiatric treatment. there has been no assessment of survivorrers of
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april's earthquake which has killed thousands and injured many more. now she and her son have diarrhea. many of these people have been suffering from stomach-related props. it has been raining like this every day. and some of the tents are barely waterproof. the drains are rather poor and there is only one functional toilet for the more 200 people living here. across kathmandu more than 2,000 people from the surrounding district are living in conditions similar to this. around 50,000 households have been told they would have to be temporarily relocate. the government has said that the process would start by july july 15th. but so far those who have moved have mostly moved on their own. people here are getting desperate as more villagers come to seek refuge. >> there is no way to go back to our villages. two more families came here.
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they refuse to help us. they have been told that we have to back to our village to get the $150 to buy tent sets, but how do we get there? >> but the government said that they have to return to access help. >> they're entitled to get all the help that would take place. if they're asking for money in kathmandu. kathmandu is looking in to its own problem. >> these people hearsay they're afraid for their future, but they don't have much time to talk. if these drains remain clogged for much longer their tents will be flooded. they have run out of money. they hear that the government is clearing out some of the camps in kathmandu. now they wonder if their luck of finding a temporary home might also run out.
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>> superbugs are blamed for 250,000 deaths in the u.s. this year. it's estimated that this number could rise by. one solution can be new drugs but there are have been no new antibiotics on the market for 30 years. jacob ward explains why. >> the united states has a bug problem. multi drug-resistant bacteria, interest bugs that, have learned to shrug off the antibiotics that we use to kill them. >> these organisms can spread. these organisms can live on the skin the desk, bed or stethoscope. >> the trouble is that it takes days to identify specific abouts the bacteria. dr. lee reilly has received a grant to develop a process to identify the right drugs to
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fight the bacteria within minutes. >> if we can determine the organism before the patient leaves the obvious then you can give the right drug and you don't have to worry about creating resistence. >> they pretty much tapped out the micro organisms that can be easily cultivated in a lab set. there are enough micro organisms in this handful of dirt to pursue countless lines of abs. but it's only out here in nature that those micro organisms can thrive. researchers are limited to the tiny number of organisms that grow in a petri dish. >> that gap is humongous. so this is the entire planet.
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this dot the little one is how much of that we have cultivated. >> epstein's team has developed a device, the i-chicago that can chip that can isolate cells in dirt. >> it provides the growth. and then once it forms a colony we can explore this colony and it's ability to producing bacteria. >> the hope is that a new crop of antibiotics used on bacteria that has been quickly and specifically identified could slow deadly infections around the world. infections that our food and hospitals seem to have helped create. jacob ward, al jazeera, berkeley california. >> taxi drivers have gone on strike in rio de janeiro against the ride-saying application uber. they are saying that they're not paying the same tax.
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uber responded by providing a free service for short distances during the strike. plenty more stories for you any time on our website. the address for that is www.aljazeera.com. you can watch us live on the "watch live" icon. lanka after 26 years of civil war. >> government troops had crushed the tamil tigers - a guerrilla force which had waged a brutal insurgency seeking self-rule for the tamils c a minority making up about 12 percent of sri lanka's population mainly living here in the north. >> peace has brought stability tourists are again flocking to sri lanka's golden beaches and investment is flowing.

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